Annals of African Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 9--13

Prevalence of obesity and associated factors in Benue State, Nigeria: A population-based study


Damaris Amarachukwu Osunkwo1, Patrick M Nguku3, Amina Mohammed2, Chukwuma David Umeokonkwo3, Moreen Kamateeka5, Mohammed Ibrahim4, Ibrahim Bekshak Kefas6, Oladimeji S Abolade5, Hulda Ijeoma Nwokeukwu6, Ayuba Ibrahim Zoakah8 
1 Department of Medicine, National Hospital; African Field Epidemiology Network, Nigeria Country Office, Abuja, Nigeria
2 Department of Family Health, National Bureau of Statistics, Abuja; Department of Community Medicine, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria
3 African Field Epidemiology Network, Nigeria Country Office, Abuja; Department of Community Medicine, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
4 Department of Community Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
5 Department of Demography and Social Statistics, National Bureau of Statistics, Abuja, Nigeria
6 Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Damaris Amarachukwu Osunkwo
Department of Medicine, National Hospital Abuja, Abuja
Nigeria

Background: The prevalence of obesity has risen to over 650 million adults in 2016, and accounts for 41 million deaths globally. It is a major contributor to the burden of noncommunicable diseases. We determined the prevalence and associated factors of obesity to inform policy decisions toward developing robust prevention and management strategies. Materials and Methods: We conducted a population-based cross-sectional study in July 2017 among 1265 adults in urban and rural communities in Benue State. We used multistage sampling technique in selecting the participants. The WHO standardized and validated tool were used to collect information on sociodemographic and anthropometric measurements. We calculated age standardized prevalence of obesity and determined factors associated with obesity using logistic regression at 5% level of significance. Results: The age standardized prevalence of obesity was 11.1% (rural 4.2%, urban 14.3%). The odds for obesity was higher among females (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 3.4; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.27–4.99), those with tertiary education (aOR: 3.3; 95% CI: 1.61–6.95), married (aOR: 2.1; 95% CI: 1.37–3.36), and those residing in urban areas (aOR: 3.0; 95% CI: 1.73–5.05) compared to rural dwellers. Conclusions: The prevalence of obesity was high among adults in Benue State. It is more prevalent among females, married, educated, and urban dwellers. Interventions targeted at healthy lifestyle choices should be directed at these populations for effective control.


How to cite this article:
Osunkwo DA, Nguku PM, Mohammed A, Umeokonkwo CD, Kamateeka M, Ibrahim M, Kefas IB, Abolade OS, Nwokeukwu HI, Zoakah AI. Prevalence of obesity and associated factors in Benue State, Nigeria: A population-based study.Ann Afr Med 2021;20:9-13


How to cite this URL:
Osunkwo DA, Nguku PM, Mohammed A, Umeokonkwo CD, Kamateeka M, Ibrahim M, Kefas IB, Abolade OS, Nwokeukwu HI, Zoakah AI. Prevalence of obesity and associated factors in Benue State, Nigeria: A population-based study. Ann Afr Med [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Apr 17 ];20:9-13
Available from: https://www.annalsafrmed.org/article.asp?issn=1596-3519;year=2021;volume=20;issue=1;spage=9;epage=13;aulast=Osunkwo;type=0