Annals of African Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2013  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 155--159

Complications associated with Plasmodium vivax malaria: A retrospective study from a tertiary care hospital based in western Uttar Pradesh, India


Imran Rizvi1, Devendra Kumar Tripathi1, Anjum Mirza Chughtai1, Mujahid Beg1, Shamsuz Zaman2, Noorin Zaidi2 
1 Department of Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College and Hospital, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Pathology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College and Hospital, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Imran Rizvi
Rifa Guest House, Near Andhra bank, Medical Road, Aligarh - 202 001, Uttar Pradesh
India

Background: Plasmodium vivax (p. vivax) malaria was traditionally considered as benign tertian malaria, however, recent studies have pointed out that p. vivax have potential to cause all severe complications previously attributed to p. falciparum infection only. The aim of this report is to study the incidence of various clinical and biochemical complications associated with severe p. vivax malaria. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on all patients with p. vivax malaria admitted to our center between January 2009 and December 2011. Severe malaria was defined as per World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. Clinical and laboratory parameters were recorded. Patients with evidence of p. falciparum, mixed malarial infection and chronic systemic diseases were excluded from the study. Results: Sixty-two patients met the criteria for severe malaria during the study period. The complications observed were Hepatic dysfunction in 18 (29%), renal dysfunction in 13 (21%), cerebral malaria in 10 (16.1%), acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in 6 (9.7%), shock in 10 (16.1%), severe anemia in 16 (25.8%), thrombocytopenia in 35 (56.5%), and hypoglycemia in 3 (4.8%) patients. Three mortalities were observed. Conclusions: P. vivax has immense potential to cause life threatening complications and even death, more research is required to understand the exact pathogenesis of various complications encountered in vivax malaria.


How to cite this article:
Rizvi I, Tripathi DK, Chughtai AM, Beg M, Zaman S, Zaidi N. Complications associated with Plasmodium vivax malaria: A retrospective study from a tertiary care hospital based in western Uttar Pradesh, India.Ann Afr Med 2013;12:155-159


How to cite this URL:
Rizvi I, Tripathi DK, Chughtai AM, Beg M, Zaman S, Zaidi N. Complications associated with Plasmodium vivax malaria: A retrospective study from a tertiary care hospital based in western Uttar Pradesh, India. Ann Afr Med [serial online] 2013 [cited 2021 Jun 22 ];12:155-159
Available from: https://www.annalsafrmed.org/article.asp?issn=1596-3519;year=2013;volume=12;issue=3;spage=155;epage=159;aulast=Rizvi;type=0