Year : 2013 | Volume
: 12 | Issue : 2 | Page : 120--126
Alcohol-related disorders among medical and surgical in-patients in a Nigerian teaching hospital
Olatunji A Abiodun1, Peter O Ajiboye1, Oluwabunmi N Buhari1, Kazeem A Ayanda2, Oluwatosin M Adefalu2, Lukman O Adegboye2
1 Department of Behavioural Sciences, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
2 Department of Behavioural Sciences, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria
Background/Objectives: Alcohol use disorders exist in a high proportion of hospitalized patients and this often complicates patient management, but a large proportion of them still go unrecognized by the managing clinicians. The objective was to provide data on the proportion of inpatients 18 years and above with alcohol-related disorders, and ability of the managing clinicians to detect these disorders.
Materials and Methods: Alcohol use disorders were assessed in 339 consecutive patients admitted into medical and surgical wards of University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital (UITH), Ilorin, using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Disorders (SCID) -- Alcohol module, for a period of 5 months. They were also assessed for the presence or absence of alcohol-related problems (physical, psychological, and social) by direct questioning. In addition, patients«SQ» case notes were scrutinized for additional information on alcohol-related problems and ability of managing clinicians to detect alcohol-related problems in their patients.
Results: All patients with alcohol use disorders were males. The point prevalence for alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence using DSM-IV criteria were 16.4% and 8.5%, respectively among males while another 1.2% who did not meet DSM-IV criteria for abuse and dependence, had alcohol-related problems. Marital disharmony, financial problems, and deteriorating work performance were the most common psychosocial problems among the drinkers. Gastritis occurred in 18.5% of cases with alcohol abuse and 21.4% of cases with alcohol dependence. Other physical problems among drinkers included liver cirrhosis, malnutrition, and various injuries. Significantly more patients aged (45-64 years) and patients of low educational status compared to abstainers had alcohol use disorders and alcohol-related problems. In addition, significantly more patients with alcohol use disorders/alcohol-related problems compared to abstainers were observed to have physical and psychosocial health problems. Alcohol-related problems were detected in only 10.9% of the alcohol users by the managing clinicians.
Conclusion: There is a considerable case load of patients with alcohol-related disorders in the hospital. There is therefore the need to improve ability of the managing clinicians to detect and manage cases of alcohol-related disorders, with referrals where appropriate.
Peter O Ajiboye
Department of Behavioural Sciences, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Kwara State, P.O. Box 825 GPO, Ilorin
|How to cite this article:|
Abiodun OA, Ajiboye PO, Buhari ON, Ayanda KA, Adefalu OM, Adegboye LO. Alcohol-related disorders among medical and surgical in-patients in a Nigerian teaching hospital.Ann Afr Med 2013;12:120-126
|How to cite this URL:|
Abiodun OA, Ajiboye PO, Buhari ON, Ayanda KA, Adefalu OM, Adegboye LO. Alcohol-related disorders among medical and surgical in-patients in a Nigerian teaching hospital. Ann Afr Med [serial online] 2013 [cited 2021 Jun 25 ];12:120-126
Available from: https://www.annalsafrmed.org/article.asp?issn=1596-3519;year=2013;volume=12;issue=2;spage=120;epage=126;aulast=Abiodun;type=0