Annals of African Medicine
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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 164-168

Postoperative clinicoradiological outcome of pott's spine

Department of Orthopaedics, DMIMS, Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Pranav Charde
48, New Subhedar Layout, Nagpur - 440 024, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aam.aam_2_20

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Introduction: Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the main diseases impacting humanity. Fifty percent of all the cases of skeletal TB belong to spinal TB (STB), and it is also the most common form of TB. In India, patients usually present late after the onset of neurological symptoms, for which surgical management is essential for recovery. In our study, we have evaluated the outcome of forty patients of STB who underwent posterior decompression and instrumentation. Methods: Forty patients with STB who underwent posterior decompression and instrumentation were reviewed. All cases were followed up for 18 months. The groups were compared by parameters such as improvement in pain, improvement in kyphosis, and neurological recovery. Visual Analog Scale (VAS) score and american spinal cord injury assosciation (ASIA) score are used for the assessment. Results: VAS score was significantly decreased postoperatively (mean: 1.28) as compared to preoperative values (mean: 7.25). Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was significantly decreased postoperatively (mean: 30.95) as compared to preoperative values (76.15). Cobb's angle was significantly decreased immediate postoperatively (mean: 7.8) as compared to preoperative values (mean: 24.8). There was no deterioration of neurological symptoms in any of the patients. Conclusion: Surgical intervention in Pott's spine with posterior decompression and stabilization, whenever indicated, gives good improvement in pain, decreases kyphotic deformity, and in most cases, also improves neurology.

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