Annals of African Medicine
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 9-13

Prevalence of obesity and associated factors in Benue State, Nigeria: A population-based study


1 Department of Medicine, National Hospital; African Field Epidemiology Network, Nigeria Country Office, Abuja, Nigeria
2 African Field Epidemiology Network, Nigeria Country Office, Abuja, Nigeria
3 Department of Family Health, National Bureau of Statistics, Abuja; Department of Community Medicine, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria
4 African Field Epidemiology Network, Nigeria Country Office, Abuja; Department of Community Medicine, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
5 Department of Community Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
6 Department of Community Medicine, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria
7 Department of Demography and Social Statistics, National Bureau of Statistics, Abuja, Nigeria
8 Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Damaris Amarachukwu Osunkwo
Department of Medicine, National Hospital Abuja, Abuja
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/aam.aam_36_19

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Background: The prevalence of obesity has risen to over 650 million adults in 2016, and accounts for 41 million deaths globally. It is a major contributor to the burden of noncommunicable diseases. We determined the prevalence and associated factors of obesity to inform policy decisions toward developing robust prevention and management strategies. Materials and Methods: We conducted a population-based cross-sectional study in July 2017 among 1265 adults in urban and rural communities in Benue State. We used multistage sampling technique in selecting the participants. The WHO standardized and validated tool were used to collect information on sociodemographic and anthropometric measurements. We calculated age standardized prevalence of obesity and determined factors associated with obesity using logistic regression at 5% level of significance. Results: The age standardized prevalence of obesity was 11.1% (rural 4.2%, urban 14.3%). The odds for obesity was higher among females (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 3.4; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.27–4.99), those with tertiary education (aOR: 3.3; 95% CI: 1.61–6.95), married (aOR: 2.1; 95% CI: 1.37–3.36), and those residing in urban areas (aOR: 3.0; 95% CI: 1.73–5.05) compared to rural dwellers. Conclusions: The prevalence of obesity was high among adults in Benue State. It is more prevalent among females, married, educated, and urban dwellers. Interventions targeted at healthy lifestyle choices should be directed at these populations for effective control.


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