Annals of African Medicine
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 15-19

Various causative factors and associated complications of childhood obesity in Jeddah, Western Region, Saudi Arabia

1 Department of Paediatric Endocrinology, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2 Ibn Sina National College for Medical Sciences, College of Medicine and Surgery, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
3 King Abdulaziz University, College of Medicine and Surgery, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Abdulmoein Eid Al-Agha
Department of Pediatric, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, P. O. Box 80215, Jeddah 21589
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aam.aam_8_19

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Objective: The objective of the study was to investigate the causative factors and complications attributable to obesity in children living in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Methods: This is a retrospective study encompassing a sample size of 151 children and adolescents between the ages of 4 and 20 years. Data were collected through reviewing medical records, medical files on the hospital electronic system, and clinical interviews conducted with legal guardians. The date of the study was from January to June 2018, and the study was carried out in Jeddah, Western Region, Saudi Arabia. Results: Data were entered, coded, cleaned, and analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (IBM SPSS), version 22. The analysis was done by assessing the significance of various risk factors and sequelae in their contribution to pediatric obesity by one-way ANOVA for nominal variables of more than two categories and independent-samples t-test for the nominal variables with two categories. The sample was 47% of the male gender, whereas females made for the remaining 53%. The causation of obesity was distributed among the following factors: an unhealthy diet, a sedentary lifestyle, medications such as glucocorticoids, and complications attributed to obesity including gastroesophageal reflux, hypertension, precocious puberty, sleep apnea, psychological disturbances, and fatty liver diseases. Conclusion: Environmental factors were found to be the most predominant cause, where the majority of children were found to be leading a sedentary lifestyle, following an unhealthy diet, and skipping meals. The most recurring complications involved psychosocial and behavioral abnormalities, and among the medical consequences, gastroesophageal reflux and obstructive sleep apnea were the most prevalent.

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