Annals of African Medicine
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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 111-114

Status epilepticus and bilateral middle cerebral artery infarction: A rare presentation after viper bite

Department of Neurology, Bangur Institute of Neurosciences, IPGMER and SSKM Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Durjoy Lahiri
10/1 Roy Para Bye Lane, P. O. Sinthee, Kolkata - 700 050, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/aam.aam_21_18

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Owing to the antihemostatic property of viper venom, hemorrhagic complications including intracerebral hemorrhage are the most commonly encountered after viper bite. Ischemic strokes have been rarely reported after viper envenomation, and its occurrence has been attributed to multiple mechanisms. Postsnakebite seizures are known to occur after neurotoxic bite. Here, we report the case of a viper bite victim who developed status epilepticus within 3 h after viper bite. He had only mild signs of local envenomation, and prolonged whole blood clotting time was the only manifestation of systemic envenomation. Subsequently, he was found to have developed right hemiparesis and global aphasia. Brain imaging revealed large infarcts in bilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) territories. We report this as a unique case of viper bite which presented to the emergency room with status epilepticus. Moreover, bilateral MCA infarct, as was found in this case, is genuinely rare in scientific literature. Finally, the absence of overt features of envenomation makes this case stand out from other similar reported occurrences.

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