Annals of African Medicine
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 182-184

Familial trend in polycystic ovarian syndrome: Report of two cases


1 Department of Community Medicine, Anambra State University, Awka; Fertility Unit of Life Specialist Hospital, Nnewi, Nigeria
2 Department of Obstetrics/Gynaecology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Nigeria
3 Fertility Unit of Life Specialist Hospital, Nnewi, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
J I Ikechebelu
Fertility Unit of Life Specialist Hospital, P.O.Box 244, Nnewi, Anambra State
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1596-3519.117630

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Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder with a strong genetic component. The affected females present with anovulatory cycles, a spectrum of menstrual disorders, and features of androgen excess. We present the case of two sisters who were diagnosed with PCOS and have a family history of oligomenorrhoea in their grandmother and PCOS in their mother and sisters. They also have a family history of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and breast mass which are known co-morbidities associated with PCOS. Both were managed successfully with ovulation induction using clomiphene citrate. PCOS could be familial as in our patients and further research is required to define the exact genetic pattern of inheritance.


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