Annals of African Medicine
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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 46-48

Neuropsychiatric and Parkinsonian manifestations of dementia: A case report in a Nigerian woman

1 Department of Medicine, Neurology Division, Federal Medical Centre, Idi-Aba, Abeokuta; Department of Medicine, Neurology Unit, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology/Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Ogbomoso, Nigeria
2 Department of Medicine, Neurology Division, Federal Medical Centre, Idi-Aba, Abeokuta, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Philip B Adebayo
Neurology Unit, Department of Medicine, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Oyo-State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1596-3519.108252

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Neuropsychiatric manifestations sometimes referred to as behavioral and psychological symptoms (BPSD) are not uncommon in dementias, especially in moderate-to-severe cases. When these symptoms occur in the setting of Parkinsonism, fluctuating cognition, visual hallucinations and neuroleptic sensitivity, then the most likely diagnosis is dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Although this type of dementia is not infrequently encountered in primary care, it may be missed because of its tricky modes of presentation. We report a clinically diagnosed DLB in a 67-year-old Nigerian female to raise awareness among primary care and mental health practitioners in order to enhance better detection and treatment, especially in the setting of a developing economy.

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