Annals of African Medicine
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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 234-237

Idiopathic bilateral strio-pallido-dentate calcinosis (Fahr's disease): A case report and review of the literature

1 Department of Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital Zaria, Nigeria
2 Department of Radiology, Usmanu Danfodioyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Sani A Abubakar
Department of Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1596-3519.102855

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Bilateral calcification involving the basal ganglia (Fahr's disease) is a rare disease. A high index of suspicion is required to make clinical diagnosis; more so that the calcinosis may remain asymptomatic in a vast majority of cases. Movement disorder is by far the most common manifestation in symptomatic individuals. Fahr's disease is by no means absent in our environment, and increasing availability of a computed tomography-scan machine in Nigeria may enhance the case identification of Fahr's disease. This review presents a case of bilateral strio-pallido-dentate calcification; it also affirms the fact that Fahr's disease could present with hyperkinetic movement disorder (chorea) in our setting.

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