Annals of African Medicine
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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 32-35

An observational study of road safety around selected primary schools in Ibadan municipality, Oyo State, Southwestern Nigeria

1 Institute of Child Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan/University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
2 Department of Community Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
3 Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Kansas Medical Centre, Kansas City, USA
4 Ibadan North Local Government Area, Oyo State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Adesola O Sangowawa
Institute of Child Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan/University College Hospital, PMB 5116, Ibadan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1596-3519.91019

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Background/ Objective: Child pedestrians have been identified as vulnerable road users. Although walking as a means of transport has health and other benefits, it exposes children to the risk of road traffic injuries. This study was conducted to assess the availability of road safety features around government-owned primary schools in Ibadan municipality. Materials and Methods: A multistage sampling technique was used to select 46 of the 74 schools in the study area. Some (11) of the selected schools were sited within the same premises and shared a common entrance; thus a total of 35 school premises were eventually observed. Trained research assistants observed the school environment around the selected schools for road safety features such as location of schools, presence of "school", "child crossing" and "speed limit" road signs, and presence of traffic calming devices (road bumps or zebra crossing). Results: Five (14%) of the schools were located on major roads and eight (23%) had road signs indicating that a school was nearby. Seven (20%) had road bumps close to the school, 15 (43%) had a warden who assisted children to cross, and none had a zebra crossing. Five (14%) schools had pedestrian sidewalks. Conclusions: The study revealed that the environment around a number of the observed schools in the municipality compromised the pupils' road safety. The local government, school authorities, parents, and road safety professionals need to institute definite measures to enhance the road safety environment around schools in the municipality.

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