Annals of African Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1--6

Platform switching technique and crestal bone loss around the dental implants: A systematic review


Shivangi Gupta1, Robin Sabharwal2, Jazib Nazeer3, Lavina Taneja4, Basanta Kumar Choudhury5, Sudipta Sahu6 
1 Department of Periodontology and Implantology, MMCDSR, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India
2 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, MMCDSR, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India
3 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Patna Dental college and Hospital, Patna, India
4 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, SGT Dental College and Research Institute, Gurugram, Haryana, India
5 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, IDS, Sum hospital, Bhubaneswar, India
6 Department of Public Health Dentistry, IDS, Sum hospital, Bhubaneswar, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shivangi Gupta
MMCDSR, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana
India

Background: The overall success of dental implants depends on the crestal bone support around the implants. During the initial years of dental implant placement, the bone loss around the implants determines the success rate of treatment. Platform switching (PLS) concept preserves the crestal bone loss, and this approach should be applied clinically for the overall success of dental implants. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to discuss the literature dealing with the concept of PLS concept and preservation of marginal bone, the mechanism by which it contributes to maintenance of marginal bone, its clinical applications, advantages, and disadvantages, to assess its survival rates. Materials and Methods: PubMed and Google Scholar search was done to find out the studies involving PLS concept from 2005 to 2017. Data were analyzed using SPSS statistical software. Results: Literature search revealed studies involving concepts of PLS, comparison of platform-switched and nonplatform-switched implants, case reports on PLS, and studies with histological and finite element analyses regarding PLS. Conclusion: PLS helps preserve crestal bone around the implants, and this concept should be followed when clinical situations in implant placement permit.


How to cite this article:
Gupta S, Sabharwal R, Nazeer J, Taneja L, Choudhury BK, Sahu S. Platform switching technique and crestal bone loss around the dental implants: A systematic review.Ann Afr Med 2019;18:1-6


How to cite this URL:
Gupta S, Sabharwal R, Nazeer J, Taneja L, Choudhury BK, Sahu S. Platform switching technique and crestal bone loss around the dental implants: A systematic review. Ann Afr Med [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Jun 18 ];18:1-6
Available from: http://www.annalsafrmed.org/article.asp?issn=1596-3519;year=2019;volume=18;issue=1;spage=1;epage=6;aulast=Gupta;type=0