Annals of African Medicine

CASE REPORT
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 225--227

Avascular necrosis of the femoral head: An exceptional complication of cushing's disease


Nadia Belmahi1, Saïd Boujraf2, Maazou Mahamane Larwanou1, Hanan El Ouahabi1 
1 Department of Endocrinology and Diabetology, University Hospital of Fez, Fez, Morocco
2 Department of Biophysics and Clinical MRI Methods, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University of Fez, Fez, Morocco

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Saïd Boujraf
Department of Biophysics and Clinical MRI Methods, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University of Fez, BP. 1893; KM 2.200, Sidi Hrazem Road, Fez 30000
Morocco

Avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral head is a well-recognized complication of steroid treatment. Exogenous glucocorticoids' administration and alcoholism are the most common nontraumatic etiologies. AVN secondary to endogenous hypercortisolism (HC) is rare; very few case reports are available on this complication. We describe a 28-year-old female that has presented an AVN with Cushing's syndrome. Biochemical investigations confirmed HC. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a pituitary adenoma that was resected transsphenoidally. The postoperative failure directed to radiosurgery treatment. Then, the patient then expressed a significant clinical improvement while developing adrenocorticotropic deficiency; hence, steroids were indicated. During the discovery of Cushing disease, the patient presented also limping and progressive pain in right hip. The pelvis MRI showed an AVN of the right femoral head. The patient underwent a total replacement of the right hip sine presenting an extensive AVN. This case elucidates that AVN could be an early manifestation of Cushing's disease.


How to cite this article:
Belmahi N, Boujraf S, Larwanou MM, El Ouahabi H. Avascular necrosis of the femoral head: An exceptional complication of cushing's disease.Ann Afr Med 2018;17:225-227


How to cite this URL:
Belmahi N, Boujraf S, Larwanou MM, El Ouahabi H. Avascular necrosis of the femoral head: An exceptional complication of cushing's disease. Ann Afr Med [serial online] 2018 [cited 2019 Aug 25 ];17:225-227
Available from: http://www.annalsafrmed.org/article.asp?issn=1596-3519;year=2018;volume=17;issue=4;spage=225;epage=227;aulast=Belmahi;type=0