Annals of African Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2017  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 192--195

Study of carotid intimal medial thickness in essential hypertension with or without left ventricular hypertrophy


Himanshu Khutan1, Simmi Aggarwal2, KS Kajal1, Ravinder Garg1, Rupinderjeet Kaur1, Amanpreet Kaur1 
1 Department of Medicine, GGS Medical College and Hospital, Faridkot, Punjab, India
2 Department of Radiodaignosis, GGS Medical College and Hospital, Faridkot, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Himanshu Khutan
Department of Medicine, GGS Medical College and Hospital, Faridkot, Punjab
India

Introduction: Hypertension and atherosclerosis though separate entities, are interrelated as hypertension plays an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. This study was undertaken to study the association of carotid intimal medial thickness with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in hypertensive patients. Materials and Methods: Hundred hypertensives (JNC-7, Stage 1 and 2) between 30 and 55 years were enrolled in this prospective observational study conducted at a tertiary care teaching institute of Punjab, India. Electrocardiogram, Carotid Doppler, and Echocardiography were carried out in addition to routine biochemical investigations. Results: Increased carotid intimal medial thickness (CIMT) had statistically significant association with age, duration of hypertension, high systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP), left ventricular hypertrophy and left ventricular mass index but was not associated with body mass index, low-density lipoproteins, and total cholesterol. Conclusions: LVH and arterial wall changes occur concurrently, and therefore, management of hypertension should not be limited just to control of BP but should also include therapy for carotid plaques and increased CIMT.


How to cite this article:
Khutan H, Aggarwal S, Kajal K S, Garg R, Kaur R, Kaur A. Study of carotid intimal medial thickness in essential hypertension with or without left ventricular hypertrophy.Ann Afr Med 2017;16:192-195


How to cite this URL:
Khutan H, Aggarwal S, Kajal K S, Garg R, Kaur R, Kaur A. Study of carotid intimal medial thickness in essential hypertension with or without left ventricular hypertrophy. Ann Afr Med [serial online] 2017 [cited 2019 Nov 17 ];16:192-195
Available from: http://www.annalsafrmed.org/article.asp?issn=1596-3519;year=2017;volume=16;issue=4;spage=192;epage=195;aulast=Khutan;type=0