Annals of African Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2017  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 159--163

Pattern of presentation of gastroesophageal reflux disease among patients with dyspepsia in Kano, Nigeria


Abubakar Sadiq Maiyaki1, Musa Muhammed Borodo2, Adamu Alhaji Samaila2, Abdulmumini Yakubu1 
1 Department of Internal Medicine, Gastroenterology Unit, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria
2 Department of Internal Medicine, Gastroenterology Unit, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Abubakar Sadiq Maiyaki
Department of Internal Medicine, Gastroenterology Unit, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital Sokoto, Sokoto
Nigeria

Background: Dyspepsia is a symptom complex rather than a specific disease entity. It can be caused by both organic and functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GORD) though a common digestive disorder worldwide is scarcely reported in Nigeria. The aim of this study is to determine the pattern of presentation of GORD among patients with dyspepsia. Methods: One hundred and seventy dyspeptic patients were recruited consecutively as they were referred to the Gastroenterology Unit of Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital for upper GI endoscopy. A prepared questionnaire on relevant demographic and clinical history relating to GORD was administered. Upper GI endoscopy was then performed on each patient. Results: The prevalence of GORD was 24.1%, with a M:F ratio of 1:1.1. Endoscopy-positive variant accounted for 16 cases (9.4%), while endoscopy-negative variant accounted for 25 cases (14.7%), with of the total GORD patients, 26(63.4%) were males while 15(36.6%) were females. Los Angeles Grade A (37.5%) was the predominant endoscopic esophageal mucosal injury found in 6 cases. Barrett's esophagus and esophageal adenocarcinoma accounted 4.9% each and were considered to be rare. Extra-esophageal manifestations were also rare. Conclusions: Endoscopy-negative variant still remains the predominant endoscopic finding in GORD patients.


How to cite this article:
Maiyaki AS, Borodo MM, Samaila AA, Yakubu A. Pattern of presentation of gastroesophageal reflux disease among patients with dyspepsia in Kano, Nigeria.Ann Afr Med 2017;16:159-163


How to cite this URL:
Maiyaki AS, Borodo MM, Samaila AA, Yakubu A. Pattern of presentation of gastroesophageal reflux disease among patients with dyspepsia in Kano, Nigeria. Ann Afr Med [serial online] 2017 [cited 2019 Dec 9 ];16:159-163
Available from: http://www.annalsafrmed.org/article.asp?issn=1596-3519;year=2017;volume=16;issue=4;spage=159;epage=163;aulast=Maiyaki;type=0