Annals of African Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2011  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 86--90

Profile and outcome of non-traumatic paraplegia in Kano, northwestern Nigeria


LF Owolabi, A Ibrahim, AA Samaila 
 Department of Medicine, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
L F Owolabi
Department of Medicine, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, PMB 3452, Kano
Nigeria

Aim: This study was aimed to identify the clinical and radiological profile of non-traumatic paraplegia and the various etiologies associated with the condition. Materials and Methods: A review of the clinical and radiological presentations of adult patients presenting with non-traumatic paraplegia managed at the Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital (AKTH) and Murtala Specialist Hospital (MMSH), Kano, from June 2006 to November 2009 was carried out. Patients underwent a detailed clinical evaluation followed by laboratory investigation and neuroimaging studies and were followed up for 9 months to asses outcome and complications. Results: 98 patients with non-traumatic paraplegia consisting of 71 males and 27 females (M:F: 5:2) were seen. The age range of the patients was between 16 and 76 years, with a mean age of 40 years (SD = 15.3) years; 54 (55%) of the patients presented after 2 months of the onset of paraplegia. The commonest symptoms were weakness of the lower limbs (100%), loss of sensation (55%), sphincteric disturbance (50%) radicular pain and paresthesia (38.4%), back pain (21.4%) and erectile dysfunction (40%). All the patients had X-ray of the spine; 26.3% had Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) spine. The commonest etiological factors were tuberculosis (TB) (44.4%), transverse myelitis (13.1%), Guillain-Barre syndrome (9.1%), metastatic spinal disease (4%), and HIV myelopathy (4%). However, the cause could not be identified in 14 (14%) of the patients. The commonest site of affectation in those with TB spine was lower thoracic (53.8%) and upper lumbar (23.1%) vertebrae. Conclusion: Clinical profile of non-traumatic paraplegia in Kano, northwestern Nigeria, is similar to that reported elsewhere in Africa, with spinal tuberculosis and transverse myelitis accounting for over half the cases.


How to cite this article:
Owolabi L F, Ibrahim A, Samaila A A. Profile and outcome of non-traumatic paraplegia in Kano, northwestern Nigeria.Ann Afr Med 2011;10:86-90


How to cite this URL:
Owolabi L F, Ibrahim A, Samaila A A. Profile and outcome of non-traumatic paraplegia in Kano, northwestern Nigeria. Ann Afr Med [serial online] 2011 [cited 2019 Oct 17 ];10:86-90
Available from: http://www.annalsafrmed.org/article.asp?issn=1596-3519;year=2011;volume=10;issue=2;spage=86;epage=90;aulast=Owolabi;type=0