Annals of African Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2011  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 80--85

A review of stroke admissions at a tertiary hospital in rural Southwestern Nigeria


Olufemi O Desalu1, Kolawole W Wahab1, Bimbo Fawale2, Timothy O Olarenwaju1, Olusegun A Busari2, Adebowale O Adekoya3, Joshua Oluwafemi Afolayan2 
1 Department of Medicine, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital Ilorin, Nigeria
2 Department of Medicine, Federal Medical Centre Ido- Ekiti, Nigeria
3 Department of Medicine, Lagos State University Teaching hospital Ikeja lagos, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Olufemi O Desalu
Department of Medicine, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, PMB 1459, Ilorin
Nigeria

Background: Stroke is a common neurological disorder and is the third leading cause of death and a major cause of long-term disability. The disease is expected to increase in low- and middle-income countries like Nigeria. There is no information on stroke in rural Nigeria. Objectives: To review the clinical patterns, risk-factors, and outcome of stroke in a tertiary hospital in rural Nigeria and examine the rural-urban variation of stroke hospitalization in Nigeria. Materials and Methods: We carried out a retrospective study of patients who had a clinical diagnosis of stroke at the Federal Medical Centre, Ido-Ekiti, South-western Nigeria between November 2006 and October 2009. Results: A total of 101 patients who had stroke were admitted during this review period, accounting for 4.5% of medical admission and 1.3% of total hospital admission. Women accounted 52.5% of cases, with a male to female ratio of 1 : 1.1. Their mean age was 68 ± 12 years. Stroke occurrences increased with age, as almost half (49.5%) of the cases were aged ≥70 years and majority (84.2%) of them were in low socioeconomic class. The mean hospital stay for stroke treatment was 12 ± 9 days, Glasgow coma score on admission was 11 ± 4. Ischemic stroke was 64.4%; hemorrhagic stroke, 34.7%; and indeterminate, 1.0%. Hypertension (85.2%), diabetes mellitus (23.8%), and tobacco smoking (22.8%) were the common identifiable risk factors for stroke. Of all the patients, 69% had ≥2 risk factors for stroke. Thirty-day case fatality was 23.8%; it increases with age and was higher among men than women (29.2 vs 18.9%) and in patients with diagnosis of hemorrhagic stroke (34.3 vs 18.5%). The numbers of identifiable risk factors of stroke has no effect on the 30-day case fatality. When compared with stroke in urban areas of Nigeria, we found no differences in frequency of hospitalization (1.3 vs 0.9 - 4%) and the major risk factor (hypertension). Hemorrhagic stroke was more common in urban than in the rural community (45.2 - 51 vs 34.7%) and the 30-day case fatality was lower in the rural community (23.8 vs 37.6 - 41.2%). Conclusion: Stroke is also a common neurological condition in rural Nigeria, in view of the fact that almost 70% of the patients had ≥2 risk factors of stroke. We recommend that, sustainable, community-friendly intervention programmes are incorporated into the health care system for the early prevention, recognition, and modification of the risk factors in persons prone to the disease.


How to cite this article:
Desalu OO, Wahab KW, Fawale B, Olarenwaju TO, Busari OA, Adekoya AO, Afolayan JO. A review of stroke admissions at a tertiary hospital in rural Southwestern Nigeria.Ann Afr Med 2011;10:80-85


How to cite this URL:
Desalu OO, Wahab KW, Fawale B, Olarenwaju TO, Busari OA, Adekoya AO, Afolayan JO. A review of stroke admissions at a tertiary hospital in rural Southwestern Nigeria. Ann Afr Med [serial online] 2011 [cited 2019 Nov 21 ];10:80-85
Available from: http://www.annalsafrmed.org/article.asp?issn=1596-3519;year=2011;volume=10;issue=2;spage=80;epage=85;aulast=Desalu;type=0