Year : 2009 | Volume
: 8 | Issue : 2 | Page : 100--104
Treatment outcomes among pulmonary tuberculosis patients at treatment centers in Ibadan, Nigeria
Akinola A Fatiregun, Abimbola S Ojo, Afolabi E Bamgboye
Department of Epidemiology, Medical Statistics and Environmental Health, Faculty of Public Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Objective : To assess treatment outcomes and determinants of outcome among tuberculosis patients.
Design : A longitudinal study design involving a cohort of sputum smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis patients at initiation of therapy, who were followed up to the end of treatment at eighth month.
Setting : Tuberculosis treatment centers in Ibadan, Nigeria
Results : A total of 1,254 patients were followed up with a mean age of 35.0±3.3 years. The percentages of patients with treatment outcomes assessed in the study were as follows: cure (76.6%), failure (8.1%), default (6.6%), transferred out (4.8%), and death (1.9%). The cure rate varied significantly between treatment centers from 40 to 94.4% (P<0.05). The treatment centers located within the specialist health centers at Jericho and the University College Hospital had 50 and 75% cure rates, respectively. The mean age of cured patients was 31.2±3.1 years, which was significantly lower than the mean age of those with poor treatment outcomes (36.7±3.5 years; P<0.05). Males had a higher risk of a poor treatment outcome (RR=1.8; 95% CI: 1.02-1.94) than females. Also, patients with a poor knowledge of tuberculosis had a higher risk of having a poor treatment outcome (RR=1.35; 95% CI: 1.25-1.62) compared to those with a good knowledge.
Conclusion : Variations in health center treatment outcomes and poor knowledge of tuberculosis among patients suggest that poor program implementation quality may be a major modifiable determinant of treatment outcomes in our environment.
Akinola A Fatiregun
Department of Epidemiology, Medical Statistics and Environmental Health, College of Medicine, Faculty of Public Health, University of Ibadan, Ibadan
|How to cite this article:|
Fatiregun AA, Ojo AS, Bamgboye AE. Treatment outcomes among pulmonary tuberculosis patients at treatment centers in Ibadan, Nigeria.Ann Afr Med 2009;8:100-104
|How to cite this URL:|
Fatiregun AA, Ojo AS, Bamgboye AE. Treatment outcomes among pulmonary tuberculosis patients at treatment centers in Ibadan, Nigeria. Ann Afr Med [serial online] 2009 [cited 2020 Aug 5 ];8:100-104
Available from: http://www.annalsafrmed.org/article.asp?issn=1596-3519;year=2009;volume=8;issue=2;spage=100;epage=104;aulast=Fatiregun;type=0