Annals of African Medicine
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 31-39

Oscillometric blood pressure profile of adolescent secondary school students in Abakaliki metropolis


1 Department of Paediatrics, Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Ebonyi, Nigeria
2 Department of Paediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu, Nigeria
3 Department of Paediatrics, College of Medicine, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Ebonyi, Nigeria
4 Department of Paediatrics, Federal Medical Centre, Asaba, Delta, Nigeria
5 Department of Paediatrics, Federal Teaching Hospital; Department of Paediatrics, College of Medicine, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Ebonyi, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Uzoamaka Vivian Muoneke
Department of Paediatrics, College of Medical Sciences, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Nsukka, Enugu, Enugu State
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/aam.aam_21_19

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Context: Adolescence is characterized by a tremendous pace in growth, biological, and psychosocial changes. This may translate to rapid increases in anthropometric parameters and indulgence in youth risk behaviors, and these are the risk factors for arterial hypertension (HTN).Aim: This study aimed to determine the oscillometric blood pressure (BP) profile of apparently healthy secondary school adolescents in Abakaliki metropolis and its relationship with sex and anthropometric variables. Subjects and Methods: This multistage process selected 2401 students among those aged 10–19 years spanning from August 2015 to January 2016. BP was measured using the oscillometric method. Information on modifiable risk factors for HTN was obtained. Anthropometric parameters were measured. Data were analyzed with Student's t-test, analysis of variance, and correlation analysis. Results: The mean age (years) of the study population was 15.12 ± 2.29. The mean systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) were 106.72 ± 11.37 mmHg and 63.60 ± 7.34 mmHg, respectively. Females had significantly higher mean DBP but with no significant gender difference in mean SBP. The means of anthropometric parameters were 49.19 ± 10.28 kg, 1.54 ± 0.10 m, and 20.46 ± 2.86 kg/m2 for weight, height, and body mass index, respectively, and all showed significant gender differences, with females having higher values except for height. A relatively low rate of indulgence in alcohol use compared to another study in the same region as well as a significant association of alcohol use among those found to have HTN was noted. The prevalence of HTN was 4.6%, which was significantly higher in females. Conclusions: Routine BP monitoring is recommended for adolescents, especially those with prevailing risk factors including a family history of HTN, obesity, and substance and alcohol misuse. Early detection will help in mitigating the effect of these cardiovascular risk factors.


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