Annals of African Medicine
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 181-185

Tumor-associated macrophages, angiogenesis, and tumor cell migration in oral squamous cell carcinoma


1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia; Frankfurt Orofacial Regenerative Lab, Department of Oral, Cranio-Maxillofacial and Facial Plastic Surgery, Medical Center of Goethe University Frankfurt am Main, Germany
2 Frankfurt Orofacial Regenerative Lab, Department of Oral, Cranio-Maxillofacial and Facial Plastic Surgery, Medical Center of Goethe University Frankfurt am Main, Germany; Department of Oral Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
3 Frankfurt Orofacial Regenerative Lab, Department of Oral, Cranio-Maxillofacial and Facial Plastic Surgery, Medical Center of Goethe University Frankfurt am Main, Germany

Correspondence Address:
Shahram Ghanaati
Frankfurt Orofacial Regenerative Lab, Department of Oral, Cranio-Maxillofacial and Facial Plastic Surgery, Medical Center of Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main
Germany
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/aam.aam_8_17

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Objective: To investigate the relationship between tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), neovascularization, and tumor cell migration in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) of an African subpopulation. Materials and Methods: Twenty OSCC paraffin blocks underwent immunohistochemistry to TAM1 (CCR7), TAM2 (CD206), Twist, E-cadherin, N-cadherin, and CD34. The relative percentage of CCR7 + and CD206 + cells to overall immune cell population was calculated for three high power fields and an average was taken. TAM-related microvessel density (MVD) was determined as the mean of the three recorded values. Cases that had no CD34 + vessels adjacent to the TAMs region were regarded as having an MVD score of 0. Results: Ten cases (50%) expressed greater CCR7 activity than CD206, seven cases (35%) expressed approximately equal activity of CCR7 and CD206, while three cases (15%) expressed greater activity of CD206 than CCR7. Twist expression was strong in some cases with strong N-cadherin and weak E-cadherin, but the expression of Twist was not consistently high in all cases that expressed strong N-cadherin and weak E-cadherin. Conclusions: TAMs distribution suggested antitumor activity and the potential for tumor metastasis was only partly due to Twist-mediated epithelial–mesenchymal transition.


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