Annals of African Medicine
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 137-142

Screening for risk factors of chronic kidney disease in a community in Niger Delta Nigeria


1 Department of Medicine, ESUT Teaching Hospital, Parklane, Enugu, Nigeria
2 Department of Medicine, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Umezurike Hughes Okafor
Department of Medicine, ESUT Teaching Hospital, Parklane, Enugu
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1596-3519.149916

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Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with many traditional and nontraditional risk factors. Screening for these risk factors has been associated with appropriate interventions and preventive measures in the management of CKD. The aims and objective of this study are to screen for risk factors of CKD in a Niger Delta community in Nigeria. Subjects and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. The study location was Ido, a Niger Delta community in Rivers State. All subjects aged 18 years and above who gave consent were recruited for the study. Their bio data, relevant medical history, clinical and laboratory parameters were documented. The obtained data were analyzed with SPSS versions 17.0. Results: A total of 105 persons participated in the study. The age range was 18-86 years, 50.5% were above 50 years. Females were 75.0%, 66.7% had either primary or no education, 14.6% were retiree and 40.4% were traders. 14.1% were known hypertensive, and 39.4% had elevated blood pressure. 6.1% were known diabetic and 6.1% had random blood sugar of 200 mg/dl and above. 27.2% of subjects were obese. About 10.5% and 27.8% had a history of significant intake of tobacco and alcohol respectively. Total serum cholesterol was higher than 200 mg/dl in 51.5%. None of the participants had past or family history of kidney disease. Conclusion: The prevalence of risk factors for CKD in the Niger Delta community is high.


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