Annals of African Medicine
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 61-63

Hereditary spherocytosis in a 27-year-old woman: Case report


Departments of Haematology, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
A Hassan
Department of Haematology, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, P. O. BOX 06, Shika, Zaria
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1596-3519.55768

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Hereditary spherocytosis (HS) is a familial hemolytic disorder with marked heterogeneity of clinical features, ranging from an asymptomatic condition to a fulminant hemolytic anemia. Although a positive family history of spherocytosis increases the risk for this disorder, it may be sporadic in some cases. In severe cases the disorder may be detected in early childhood, but in mild cases it may go unnoticed until later in adult life. A 27-year-old Nigerian woman presented with mild anemia, jaundice, splenomegaly and a history of multiple blood transfusion. Blood film showed about 70% spherocytes, reticulocytosis of 6.5%, increased osmotic fragility test and a negative direct antiglobulin test. She was managed conservatively on nutritional supplements and a significant regression of symptoms after 6 months was achieved.


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