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LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Year : 2007  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 84 Table of Contents     

Subcutaneous lipomata in Sokoto, Nigeria: A 4-year review


Department of Surgery, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, P. M. B. 2370. Sokoto, Nigeria

Date of Web Publication10-Oct-2009

Correspondence Address:
N Mbah
Department of Surgery, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, P. M. B. 2370. Sokoto
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1596-3519.56363

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How to cite this article:
Mbah N, Abubakar U. Subcutaneous lipomata in Sokoto, Nigeria: A 4-year review . Ann Afr Med 2007;6:84

How to cite this URL:
Mbah N, Abubakar U. Subcutaneous lipomata in Sokoto, Nigeria: A 4-year review . Ann Afr Med [serial online] 2007 [cited 2019 Jul 15];6:84. Available from: http://www.annalsafrmed.org/text.asp?2007/6/2/84/56363

Lipomas have been variously described as "universal tumors" or "ubiquitous". [1] They could occur virtually in every part of the human body where cells are found. These slow-growing benign tumors of fatty tissue have been described in all age groups. Mostly reported are those lipomas involving internal body organs and cavities, which usually present with variable clinical manifestations. [2],[3] Subcutaneous lipomas, on the other hand, are usually asymptomatic, being superficial. Their hospital presentation is mainly for cosmetic reasons. The diagnosis of this group of lesions is usually clinical. Histopathological studies are however important in order to identify the variants of this growth, as well as exclude other relevant differential diagnosis. Various modalities of therapy exist.[4],[5] The gold standard and commonest form of treatment remains total surgical excision.This brief communication was predicated on the need to draw attention once more to this group of common benign tumors, highlight their epidemiological and clinical peculiarities, as well as share an experience in their surgical management in our local environment.

This is a 4-year retrospective review of 52 patients with clinically diagnosed and histologically confirmed subcutaneous lipoma. Fifty-two patients were studied in whom there were 59 subcutaneous lipomas. Twenty-two patients were males and 30 females, aged between 2 and 65 years. The mean age was 39 years. However, the peak age at diagnosis was the 5th decade of life. In 47 (90.4%) individuals, the subcutaneous lipomas were single. It was multiple in the remainder. The highest number of these benign tumors, 32.2%, occurred in the upper limbs, while only 1 case (1.7%) was seen in the vulva [Table 1]. Most (94.9%) were painless. All had complete excision for treatment. The commoner form of anaesthesia was local xylocaine infiltration (63.5%). The rest were removed under ketamine sedation. Twenty eight (53.8%) patients were treated on day-case basis. The commonest post operative complication was wound infection in 4 patients. No tumor recurrence or mortality was recorded in this series.

Subcutaneous lipomas represent a common group of benign soft-tissue tumors in our environment. The outcome of treatment is very favorable. With the recent interest in, and the added advantages of day-care surgeries, a greater majority of these tumors would be suitable for day-case treatment.



 
   References Top

1.Russell RCG, Williams NS, Bulstrode CJK. Tumors, cysts, ulcers, sinuses. In: Russell RCG, Williams NS, Bulstrode CJK. (eds). Bailey and Love's short practice of surgery. Arnold, London, 2000; 150-152   Back to cited text no. 1      
2.De Visscher JG. Lipomas and fibrolipomas of the oral cavity. J. Oral Maxillofac Surg 1982; 10: 177-181  Back to cited text no. 2      
3.Wakely C, Somerville P. Lipomas. Lancet 1952; 2: 995 -999  Back to cited text no. 3      
4.Salam AG. Lipomas excision. Am Acad Fam Physician 1998; 65: 901-904  Back to cited text no. 4      
5.Wilhelm BJ, Blackwell SJ, Mancoll JS. Another indication for liposuction: small facial lipomas. Plast Reconstr Surg 1999; 103: 1864-1867  Back to cited text no. 5      



 
 
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